Joachim Alva (born South Kanara on 21 January 1907 Template:Ndash died 28 June 1979), was educated at the Jesuit College, Bombay. He was expelled from St. Xaviers College for having moved a resolution at the Catholic Students Union urging to throw open its doors at its Annual Social gathering to students of other communities.Template:Fact


He had won the gold medal in the All-India Rhetorical Contest held at Benaras. He actively involved himself in organizing the Youth League and the "No-Tax" campaign at Bardoli. In 1930 he founded the National Christian Party. He was appointed the 6th Dictator of the War Council. He was arrested and sentenced to two years and three months of rigorous imprisonment.

He was elected the Secretary of the Bombay Students Brotherhood and was the first Indian Christian Secretary during its fifty years of existence.

In Nasik prison he wrote two books Men and Supermen of Hindustan and Indian Christian and Nationalism. The manuscripts of both were confiscated.

In 1937 Alva married Miss Violet Hari, M.A. L.L.B, who was a professor of English at St. Xaviers Indian Women's University College. She assisted him in his Congress activities.

After Independence, Joachim was appointed Sheriff of Bombay in 1949. In 1950, he entered the Provisional Parliament of India. He was also elected to the Lok Sabha in 1952 and 1957[1] and 1962 from North Kanara[2]. In 1952, Violet was elected to the Rajya Sabha[2][3] making them the first couple to be elected to Parliament under adult franchise.


  1. "MEMBERS OF SECOND LOK SABHA". Parliament of India  </li>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Portrait of the first couple in Parliament to be put up". Deccan Herald. 2007-12-02  </li>
  3. "BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF MEMBERS". Rajya Sabha  </li></ol>